Table of Contents

Overview of the Collection

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Major Anderson Post, No. 109, 1887-1889, 1919

Series 2: Winfield Scott Post, No. 73 , 1881-1935

PPL

Grand Army of the Republic, [1883-1935]

Finding aid prepared and encoded by Anna Henderson in March 2008.


Overview of the Collection
Repository: Plainfield Public Library, Local History Department, 800 Park Avenue, Plainfield, NJ 07060
Creator: Grand Army of the Republic
Title: Papers of the Grand Army of the Republic
Dates: 1883-1935
Quantity: 4 file folders
Abstract: In the late 1800s, Plainfield was home to two G.A.R. chapters; the Winfield Scott Post, No. 73, and the Major Anderson Post, No. 109. This collection documents the establishment of the posts in newspaper articles as well as includes the by-laws and several membership rosters.
Language: The records are in English.

Historical Note

The Grand Army of the Republic, often referred to as the G.A.R., was founded in Decatur, Illinois, on April 6, 1866. Dr. Benjamin Franklin Stephenson founded the organization on the three cardinal principles of Fraternity, Charity, and Loyalty and these principles guided the G.A.R. throughout its existence.

To become a member of the Grand Army a man must have served in the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Revenue Cutter Service (today’s United States Coast Guard) between April 9, 1861 and April 12, 1865. He must have been honorably discharged from the service and have never taken up arms against the United States of America. Local organizations were called Posts; it was to a Post that a man applied for membership in the G.A.R.

The Winfield Scott Post, No.73, was founded on December 13, 1882 with 39 charter members, gradually increasing to over 400. It served as the local Plainfield G.A.R. post until a second location, the Major Anderson Post, No. 109, was established in 1887 with 23 members, quickly growing to forty-four in 1889. It was named after Major Robert Anderson who first fired on Fort Saunter. The two posts consolidated around 1894. This collection includes newspaper articles, by-laws and rosters.

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Scope and Contents

In the late 1800s, Plainfield was home to two G.A.R. chapters, the Winfield Scott Post, No. 73, and the Major Anderson Post, No. 109. This collection documents the establishment of the posts in newspaper articles as well as includes the by-laws and several membership rosters.

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Arrangement

The "Grand Army of the Republic" collection is arranged into two series:

Series 1: Major Anderson Post, No. 109
This series includes several newspaper articles on the establishment of the Major Anderson Post.

Series 2: Winfield Scott Post, No. 73
This series includes an original copy of the organization by-laws, a photocopy of the by-laws for access, and several membership rosters and newspaper articles documenting the life of the post.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

The “Grand Army of the Republic” collection is available for research.

Access is restricted to materials prepared by the Local History department staff. All materials must be viewed in the Plainfield Room and may not be removed to another area of the library without permission of the Library Director or designee. Materials must be handled carefully and kept in order. Materials must not be leaned upon, altered, folded, ripped, or traced upon. Marks may not be added or erased from materials. Materials must be returned directly to Local History department staff and inspected before the researcher leaves the Plainfield Room.

Restrictions on Use

One photocopy may be made (by Plainfield Public Library staff) of each document for the purpose of research; official Local History departmental reproduction fees may apply. Permission to publish must be obtained by the Plainfield Public Library Board of Trustees as delegated to the Library Director. Permission to publish does not constitute a copyright clearance. The researcher is responsible for further copyright restrictions. The Plainfield Public Library is not responsible for the misuse of copyrighted material.

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Persons:

Stephenson, Benjamin Franklin, 1823-1871.

Organizations:

Grand Army of the Republic

Places:

New Jersey - History - Civil War, 1861-1865
Plainfield (N.J.)
United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865

Subjects:

Civil war.
Societies and clubs.

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Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements

This collection consists of paper documents, which do not require any additional technology for access.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Identification of item; Date (if noted); the “Grand Army of the Republic” collection; Box and Folder Number; Local History Department, Plainfield Public Library, Plainfield, New Jersey.

Acquisition Information

Unknown.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Anna Henderson in March 2008. The finding aid was written by Anna Henderson in March 2008. Finding aid content follows the guidelines suggested by Describing Archives: A Content Standard.

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Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Major Anderson Post, No. 109, 1887-1889, 1919
Box Folder
1 1 Newspaper Articles, 1887-1889, 1919


Series 2: Winfield Scott Post, No. 73 , 1881-1935

Box Folder
1 2 G.A.R. Winfield Scott No. 73, By-laws and Rosters, 1883, 1896, 1915
3 Color Photocopies of By-laws and Rosters, 1883, 1896, 1915
4 G.A.R. Winfield Scott No. 73, Newspaper Articles, 1889, 1895, 1935

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